Reference/norm values & validation

Norm values

A German paper provides norm values for the KINDLR concerning parent-reports for 3 to 17 year olds and self-reports for 7 to 17 year olds based on representative data from the German National Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS).

Standard deviations for the means are provided for parent-reports of 3 to 6 year olds.

2007_Ravens-Sieberer_Gesundheitsbezogene
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Means and standard deviations of parent-
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Norm values plus standard deviations

Another international paper reports German norm values plus standard deviations for the KINDLR concerning parent-reports for 7 to 17 year olds and self-reports for 11 to 17 year olds based on data from the German Mental Health Module (BELLA Study) of KiGGS.

Ravens-Sieberer_2008_HealthRelated_EurCh
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Validation

The following studies validated the KINDLR and additionally provide information concerning its reliability (please note, that the first paper is German):

2007_Ravens-Sieberer_Gesundheitsbezogene
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Erhart_2009_MeasuringAdolescents_HQoLO.p
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Ellert_Determinants_2011_HQoLO.pdf
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Reference values

An earlier German study including pupils from Hamburg reported reference values for the KINDLR based on data of a healthy sample:

2000_Ravens-Sieberer_Subjektive Gesundhe
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Reference values for specific clinical groups of children and adolescents (asthma bronchiale, neurodermatitis and obesity) are reported in the following international paper:

2001_Ravens-Sieberer_Quality of life aft
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