Please pay attention to our Copyright and use the following reference in publications:
Ravens-Sieberer, U. & Bullinger, M. (1998a). Assessing health related quality of life in chronically ill children with the German KINDL: first psychometric and content-analytical results. Quality of Life Research, Vol. 4, No 7;
Ravens-Sieberer, U. & Bullinger, M. (1998b). News from the KINDL-Questionnaire – A new version for adolescents. Quality of Life Research, 7, 653.
Generic core instrument
Age-specific versions of the KINDLR for self-report version as well as proxy-report version are provided:
Additional sub-scale "disease" in case of prolonged illness or hospitalization